Oil prices have topped $80 a barrel for the first time in three years – likely to add to pressure on motorists when the higher cost filters through to pumps.

Brent crude rose for a sixth day in a row as concerns over supply coincide with more countries, such as Japan, easing COVID-19 restrictions, which is likely to boost demand.

It came as Bank of England governor Andrew Bailey said the UK economy was entering “hard yards” as inflation pressures grow and the recovery weakens.

Oil prices are rebounding after Brent crude dipped below $20 a barrel last year in the early days of the pandemic – and a separate US benchmark, WTI, even briefly turned negative.

It could add to accelerating price rises for UK consumers, at a time when inflation is at a nine-year high and the Bank of England expects it to top 4% by the end of the year.

Motorists are already facing a headache as panic-buying sparked off by worries about a shortage of fuel tanker drivers creates long queues at forecourts – and with petrol prices at an eight-year high.

The RAC, the motoring organisation, has accused “a small number of retailers” taking advantage of the situation by hiking prices.

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The government has said the army is on standby with soldiers at “increased preparedness” to help deliver fuel if necessary.

But ministers and petrol retailers are hoping that after motorists drained pumps in recent days there will be a return to calm.

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How are people dealing with fuel shortages?

The panic-buying has led to industries from taxi drivers to the meat processing sector – and even non-league football – facing difficulties and prompted calls for health workers to get priority.

It adds to a cocktail of supply chain problems already created by the HGV driver shortage as well as a gas price spike across Europe that has led to the collapse of a series of smaller energy companies.

Among the pressures on energy supply has been a lack of wind to generate renewable power.

Mr Bailey joked that when notified of this latest setback he was tempted to ask “and when are the locusts due to arrive?”.

The Bank governor acknowledged that recent evidence had strengthened the case for a “modest tightening of policy” – that is, raising interest rates or scaling back the Bank’s £895bn bond purchasing programme to try to rein in inflation.